Feedback literacy - Fleksibel utdanning Norge

Student feedback literacy is about students needing to know how to use feedback constructively to support their own and others’ learning. Carless and Boud (2018) (22) refer to three important elements of students’ feedback literacy: 

  1. They need to understand the value of feedback.
  2. They continuously develop their own skill at assessing their own and others’ work.
  3. They need to handle the feedback they receive in a good way. This entails both their own reaction (feelings) and being able to use feedback constructively.

Carless and Winstone (2023) (23) also use the term tutor feedback literacy. By this, they mean that tutors must be able to plan for students to actually use the feedback, facilitate feedback loops (a planned feedback process) and be aware of relationships and feelings, for example by ensuring that students have someone to process their reactions to the feedback with. They also emphasise the importance of tutors handling the practical aspects of this. This involves everything from mastering digital feedback tools to practical implementation of feedback in large groups. 


  1. 22

    Carless, D. & Boud, D. (2018). The development of student feedback literacy: enabling uptake of feedback. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education43(8), 1315–1325.

  2. 23

    Carless, D. & Winstone, N. (2023). Teacher feedback literacy and its interplay with student feedback literacy. Teaching in Higher Education28(1), 150–163.

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